What is CREST Penetration Testing?

Shedding Some Light on CREST Penetration Testing Unlike in the past, various organizations have embraced pen testing to ensure the security of their systems. The process helps to identify and take the necessary precautions to protect their infrastructure, users, and...

What is Red team penetration testing?

Red team penetration testing is a full-scope, multi-layered attack simulation used by a firm to assess how its security system can combat real-life attack. Red team penetration testing investigates the entire security of an organization including technology systems...

What is SQL Injection?

In the 1990s when the internet was new to humanity, constructing a website did not require complex languages such as the CSS and JavaScript. However, as the technology advanced, the website grew leading to the discovery of server-side languages such as PHP and ASP, as...

Your guide to SSI injections

Imagine you’re a developer who’s been given a task to develop a software application that uses a number of pages with dynamic content? While each page will have dynamic content, it’ll also have some standard features such as the header, footer, navigation menu at the...

What is CREST Penetration Testing?

Shedding Some Light on CREST Penetration Testing Unlike in the past, various organizations have embraced pen testing to ensure the security of their systems. The process helps to identify and take the necessary precautions to protect their infrastructure, users, and...

What is Red team penetration testing?

Red team penetration testing is a full-scope, multi-layered attack simulation used by a firm to assess how its security system can combat real-life attack. Red team penetration testing investigates the entire security of an organization including technology systems...

What is SQL Injection?

In the 1990s when the internet was new to humanity, constructing a website did not require complex languages such as the CSS and JavaScript. However, as the technology advanced, the website grew leading to the discovery of server-side languages such as PHP and ASP, as...

What is CREST Penetration Testing?

What is CREST Penetration Testing?

Shedding Some Light on CREST Penetration Testing

Unlike in the past, various organizations have embraced pen testing to ensure the security of their systems. The process helps to identify and take the necessary precautions to protect their infrastructure, users, and applications. Some firms have internal pen testers while others hire when they need the services. Since the pen testers have access to some of the most critical infrastructure and information about the company, the management should conduct a thorough background check before choosing a service provider.

Some firms have a hard time when choosing a reliable penetration testing provider due to different pricing offered by various companies specialising in security testing. Pen test providers differ in terms of aspects such as the proprietary methodologies, risk management practices, and regulatory compliance. Different firms may require a different 3rd party pen test providers depending on the nature of their environment that they operate in. Failure to acquire the services of professional pen testers could help prevent data breaches in the future (by identifying them ahead of time with a pen test).

Trusted pen testers are certified to do the work after evaluation to ensure that they adhere to the set industry standards. One of the bodies that are known for providing organizations with reliable pen testers is called CREST (Council of Registered Security Testers). The certification by CREST is given after passing a demanding assessment. The organization is based in the UK and focuses on improving the standards of services in the industry through offering regular guidance on acceptable standards, methodologies, and recommendations for proper pen testing.

Reasons for Acquiring Penetration Testing Services

Some businesses are more prone to cybersecurity attacks than others. If the risk is high, it is recommendable for an organization to seek the services of professional pen test providers to guarantee the safety of their data and infrastructure. Through the analysis of the organization’s systems, a pen tester identifies the susceptibility of its systems and gives recommendations on safety measures. After the professionals have identified the weaknesses of the systems, they replicate real attacks and later develop some strategies for early detection, response, and defense mechanisms for advanced persistent threats.

Before commencing the test, the pen testers are required to obtain permission from the owners of the system. According to some experts, the process of testing the systems enables the IT managers to identify any vulnerabilities of the system and seeking the most appropriate solutions for different situations. The testing involves taking full control of the computers in the organization’s network to evaluate the threats of hacking into the organization’s systems and providing a comprehensive report of the test.

Who Are CREST?

The organization is classified as a non-profit and specializes in certification of professionals in areas such as penetration testing, cybersecurity response, and intelligence services. The certification is recognized even by international bodies. The members of CREST undertake exams to assess their knowledge and abilities and this has helped them in their career development goals. The body has been in operation for the last twelve years. The members are informed of the latest cyber threats and solutions to meet the changing needs of the clients. The members of the body which include individuals and organizations are competitive in the industry as CREST is known to have appropriate policies and procedures for pen testing.

The members undergo three phases which include vulnerability assessor where one is required to have practiced for 1800 hours, the penetration tester should practice for 6,000 hours and with a minimum of two years of experience while the certified member is required to have practiced for 10,000 hours and having have worked for at least five years. CREST is a recipient of awards from the SC Magazine as one of the best professional certification bodies in the world. The organization partners with others who provide training to the members on the latest trends in the industry.

The examinations offered by CREST to its members are provided by Pearson Vue. CREST has members in many parts of the world such as the United Kingdom, Europe, Asia, Africa, and the United States. The exam booking process is easy as a candidate is only required to fill an online form. To ensure that the candidates retain and advance their skills, CREST re-examines them regularly. Some of the questions in the exams constitute of multiple choices while others require the candidates to write their responses.

What is Red team penetration testing?

What is Red team penetration testing?

Red team penetration testing is a full-scope, multi-layered attack simulation used by a firm to assess how its security system can combat real-life attack. Red team penetration testing investigates the entire security of an organization including technology systems such as routers, networks, switches, applications, and other devices. It also covers staff, business partners, contractors, and departments and physical properties such as data centres, warehouse, offices, substations, and other rooms or buildings.

When does your firm need red team penetration testing?

Red team penetration testing is applied when a company identifies a potential attack. It is an advanced security control that implements basic procedures such as penetration testing and assessment of vulnerabilities. These procedures offer the security personnel a defined cyber-security plan. Once the security personnel with the help of network penetration testing and social engineering have identified the vulnerabilities your business is ready red team implementations.

What makes red team penetration testing unique?

It is an advanced security measure marked with the following characteristics:

  1. A broad category of tools – apart from a wide range of basic penetration testing equipment, read team employs techniques that help in finding the all critical vulnerabilities in your company. This detailed approach allows the team to act like a powerful hacker, rather than normal methods of replicating potential attacks.
  2. Wider scope – other than its primary function as a multi-layered (technology, people, and physical) cyber-attack simulation, the red team also execute a thorough penetration testing on each layer.
  3. More experts – each evaluation area needs specific equipment as well as committed experts who employ their skills to thoroughly assess each security system. For example, red team members specializing in checking network security may contain many specialists each one of them working on one of the following sections: port scanning, access point list (ACL) testing, network surveying, intrusion detection system (IDS) testing, denial of service (DoS) testing, legal evaluations on foreign or remote networks, and password cracking.
  4. Secrecy – red team is dedicated to keeping the details of your company’s security system unless one of the purposes of the testing procedure is to evaluate the response of the client’s security group to hacks, red team ensure that the IT personnel and management are well briefed about the specifics of the operation. The red team tends to mimic the real-world attack so the pentesters try to hide. The individuals allowed to learn about the security testing are limited to top executives.

The characteristics of a good red team

  1. Independence – red team penetration testing vendors work with no restriction from the client, techniques, and tools.
    Attacker imitation – a good red team should be able to mimic a real-world attacker.
  2. Coordination – red team penetration testing not only find vulnerabilities in a firm’s security but also it helps in remedying the problem. It also helps in tuning the business’s security personnel into a continuous positive mode.
  3. Continuity – red team penetration testing procedures last for months. This long testing performance ensures maximum security checking and it also allows the red team to teach the client’s security staff to remain alert every time to combat security attacks.
What is SQL Injection?

What is SQL Injection?

In the 1990s when the internet was new to humanity, constructing a website did not require complex languages such as the CSS and JavaScript. However, as the technology advanced, the website grew leading to the discovery of server-side languages such as PHP and ASP, as well as CGI. Consequently, the website started recording input and site data in databases. It, therefore, means every server-side language supports the SQL databases. Attackers used this knowledge to develop an attack vector known as SQL injection.

Therefore, SQL injection is an attack vector where the hacker feeds malicious SQL script through web input page, thus accessing and manipulating an unauthorized data. This attack is one of the oldest, common and the most severe web attack. A successful hacker gains access to the company data allowing him to edit, delete or even perform the administration operations such as shutting the DBMS. The attack leads to questions of data confidentiality and integrity in the web application.

How does SQL Injection attack take place?

SQL is a standard programming language for accessing and manipulating relational database; it’s a way to communicate with the database. On the user interface, what appears is two empty entry boxes, where the user is supposed to enter their username and password. When the user enters the username and the password, the information is registered as an SQL query to the database. If the entered data is in the database, the user accesses the database and if the information is not in the database access is denied.

Most web input forms have no ways to block other entry apart from wrong username and password. Therefore, attackers use this disadvantage to input their request to the database via this web input form. Once the query is accepted, the results are sent to the application for processing, and thus verification is bypassed. If the authentication is avoided, the application logs in the hacker with the administrative account on the database. Hence, the attacker can delete or edit any records stored in the database as well as perform other administrative functions.

Types of SQL Injections attacks

An attacker can use various methods to initiate an attack on the database. Some of the common ways include:

Error-based

This method is the most straightforward, and it runs on MS-SQL Server. Here the attacker asks the database a question, and it responds with an error message including the information requested.

Time-base

In this attack, there is no error response, and hence it’s the hardest. However, hackers still attack the database by initiating a time delay and thus getting the needed information.

Union-based

This attack is the most popular attack where the hacker uses the integration of two statements to obtain information from the database.

Prevention of SQL injection

In the past, you had to write your SQL injection statement manually, but nowadays, there is automated software to get the job done. It, therefore, means exploits of the database will still be recurrence if security measures are not put in place. For example, when building a web user input form, the developer should try to construct mechanisms for blocking other inputs apart from the username and the password.

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What is CREST Penetration Testing?

What is CREST Penetration Testing?

Shedding Some Light on CREST Penetration Testing Unlike in the past, various organizations have embraced pen testing to ensure the security of their systems. The process helps to identify and take the necessary precautions to protect their infrastructure, users, and...

read more
What is Red team penetration testing?

What is Red team penetration testing?

Red team penetration testing is a full-scope, multi-layered attack simulation used by a firm to assess how its security system can combat real-life attack. Red team penetration testing investigates the entire security of an organization including technology systems...

read more